The 10 most popular dog breeds


1. German Shepherd

German Shepherd
German Shepherd dog 
German Shepherd appeared late at the end of the 19th century in Germany, who helps for herding the cattle.
Its one of the leading breeds in the world, a recognized leader among dogs of service breeds. 
German Shepherd has been widely used in the police, army, its used as a lifeguard and mountains, as well as to search for people in case of earthquakes and landslides. 
These Shepherd fought bravely during two World Wars.
Characteristic:
Strong and hardy dog ​​of medium height, slightly the extended format, with well developed muscle and bone. A head with a characteristic black mask and set high gabled ears. The height at the withers males – 60-65 cm, weight – 30-40 kg; bitches – 55-60 cm, weight – 22-32 kg.


2. English bulldog

English bulldog
English Bulldog
English Bulldog – national breed Britain, whose members used in the past for baiting bulls and is believed to be themselves descended from a pickle dog,
imported to England Romans. 
When the end of the XIX century published the standard of the breed, the bulldog became a companion to the family. While on their ancestors inherited the courage and bulldog perseverance in action, his character friendly and affectionate. English Bulldog is very communicating with people.
Characteristic:
Smooth, compact build, with broad low-set the body makes an impression grotesque. The head is massive, large and square, with very short upturned snout and protruding chin forward. Weight males – 25 kg, females – 22.7 kg.


3. English Mastiff

English Mastiff
Mastiff dog 
Mastiff originated in England, were among his ancestor’s dogs, like the Assyrian mastiff, dogs Celts and Roman fighting dogs. This is one of the largest and heavy breeds of dogs (up to 86 kg).
The nature of mastiff calm and steady, he mistrustful of strangers, fearless and smart.
Characteristic:
Build powerful, strong backbone, the skin is thick. On forehead in the alert, the folds are formed.

The head is massive, with a black mask on the face. height withers males about 76 cm, females – 70 cm Weight -. 80-86 kg or more.


4. West Highland White Terrier

West Highland White Terrier
West Highland White Terrier
West Highland White Terrier bred in Scotland to hunt burrowing animals. Due to its funny appearance, cheerful nature and small size, this dog has become one of the most popular in the world.
The nature of this terrier is soft and flexible, so it can be recommended for playing with children.
Characteristic:
Figure muscular and compact, deep chest, with rounded edges. Powerful limbs. hard coat requires regular caring due hairstyle head attached to a spherical shape, small pointed ears.

The height is 28 cm.


5. Akita Inu

Akita Inu
Akita Inu dog
This breed appeared in the province of Akita in Japan the island of Honshu, 
and was originally called akitamatagi, which means “dog hunting bears”.          This breed almost went into decline, but again it gained amazing popularity when it began considered as part of the national heritage of Japan. 
Akita Inu – the largest representative Japanese dogs. 
Characteristic:
Large dog, harmoniously built, with a strong massive bone structure, energetic and alert. head with small pointed ears, tail curled on the back ring. The height at the withers males – 66-71 cm, Ideally, 68-69 cm; for females – 61-66 cm, ideally 65 cm.

6. Siberian Husky

Siberian Husky
Siberian Husky

The ancestors of the Siberian Husky – Husky Northeast Siberia, this breed originated from Northeast Asia and its mingled with the local and formed a new breed. They were used as a sled dogs, even organized races. Siberian Husky has an innate friendliness and delicacy. He is sensitive and alert, but not aggressive, therefore unsuitable as a guard.
Characteristic:
medium height, with a fast and easy graceful movements. torso several


stretched, covered with a thick dense coat. ears pointed, erect.

The tail keeps a log.
The height at the withers males – 53-60 cm, females 51-56 cm.

males 20-27 kg females – 16-22 kg.


7. Rottweiler

Rottweiler dog
Rottweiler dog 
The Rottweiler known in German as Rottweiler Metzgerhund In the Middle Ages, this powerful and courageous dog guarding herds of cattle and trade convoys from attack thieves .
Rottweilers are often kept butchers and the breed became known as Butcher dog. Rottweiler – a great service dog, confident, distrustful of strangers, with a solid, fearless and balanced character.
Characteristic:
Build strong, with elements of brutality. skeleton powerful, well-developed musculature. coat cover is thick and short, black and tan. Head massive, powerful jaws. The height at the withers males -60-68 cm (preferably 65 cm), females -55-63 cm.
8. St. Bernard dog

St. Bernard dog
St. Bernard dog 
This breed goes back to the XII century when it began breeding in the monastery of St. Bernard located a mountain pass in the Swiss Alps. St. Bernard dog quickly gained fame mountain rescuer. this breed becomes famous through stories of alpine rescues and known as  “Barry” – for named legendary dog ​​who saved more than 40 people. At 1880 for the long-haired breed type formalize the name “St. Bernard”.
Characteristic:
Powerful, proportional body large dog with well-developed muscles. coat cover extended or short, color red with white markings. The head is massive. Minimum height: for males – 70 cm for females – 65 cm.
Maximum height: for males – 90 cm for females – 80 cm.

9. chihuahua
chihuahua dog
chihuahua dog 
This ancient breed is known in the northern Mexican state. For the Aztecs were chihuahua sacred animals, they sacrificed to the gods.
It was believed that these dogs provide in-house well-being. Officially started to breed Chihuahuas in the United States in the XIX century, but they have become in Europe popular only after World War II.
Characteristic:
One of the smallest dog breeds in the world.
Cheerful, active, with a bold and curious the nature of the dog and very light, springy, proud posture. found short-haired and long-haired chihuahua, especially on the long edges ears. Weight ranges from 450 g of 2.7-kg.

10. Labrador retriever


Labrador retriever

               Labrador retriever

The ancestors of this breed retrievers imported from Newfoundland to Europe in 1860. Labrador has excellent working qualities: the hunter and porters, search and rescue dog.
Intelligent, quiet nature, beautiful look, love for children and obedience glorified him around the world and as a hunting dog.
Characteristic:
Labrador – sturdy dog ​​with a compact body tight muscles, with short thick waterproof wool black, yellow or brown color. 
The height at the withers males – 55-57 cm, females – 52-55 cm Weight 27-34 kg males, females -. 25-31 kg.

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