If the cat has access to very rich meals, her body will easily transform the meals into calories, which can then be used optimally thanks to the good assimilation of nutrients. For an adult cat weighing 6 kg, 360 kcal (kcal) will be required per day, while ensuring the exact composition of the ration and adjusting the dose according to the following criteria: daily physical activity, age, sterilization, pregnancy and breastfeeding if the cat is a kitten.
In terms of age, the diet must respect three phases in the life of the cat: growth (up to its 1 year), adult age (from 1 to 7 years approximately) and “old age” (after 7 years). If the cat is castrated, care must be taken not to exceed 40 Kcal per day and per kilo, or 240 Calories for a cat of 6 kg. This measure is all the more true for cats and indoor pussy that do not spend themselves.
After weaning, around 12 months, the kitten can start eating industrial food. It is then possible to opt for a “growth” diet with a diet at will: up to 6 months, the young cat can in principle eat as much as she wants, and when she does, it is because she needs it. Our advice is to buy some kitten food, which we will give in several small meals spread throughout the day, without limit a priori. For practical and economic reasons, croquettes are often the best solution because they require no preparation and are cheaper than boxes. Moreover, chewing is good for the dental hygiene of the kitten.
What food should a senior cat eat?
After the age of 7 or 8, the cat can be considered “senior” and his energy needs will decrease even if it continues to go out and to spend. It is therefore necessary that the energy value of meals also decreases, and this in a progressive way so as not to frustrate it. An average of 48 to 50 Kcal per day per kilo is recommended. Adjusting the dose and the nutritional nature of the diet will avoid the risk of obesity in the elderly cat: this will lead to a switch to a “light” range of foods and a recalculation of the daily ration based on the package indications. It may also be a good idea to consult the veterinarian to set up with him the new diet of your cat, depending on his weight, and his activity.
What is the right feeding rhythm?
For an adult cat up to 7 years old, give the ration in two to three meals per day is indicated. Another” school ” consists to leave the food all day, a situation in which most cats self-regulate without problems. Many owners take the habit of providing croquettes as a “snack”, which is not at all harmful to the cat, this is even its natural digestive rhythm: the cat’s stomach would need 10 to 15 split meals a day! In addition to croquettes, it is possible to give pate at regular hours in the morning, noon and evening for example. Finally, whatever system you choose, make sure you feed your cat far enough away from his litter box, in a quiet area, and give it permanent access to a bowl of fresh water.