How to train your dog? Training techniques

Dog training is based on different techniques that have evolved over time and that take into account the dog’s needs and learning objectives.

Puppy training is important because it is often the key to safety.
For example, if your dog escapes during a walk and  If you have taught him the reminder, it will be easy for you to get him back at your feet before it is too late.

How to train your dog? Training techniques

Some training methods

Lure. With a treat, you guide the dog to get the desired behavior. For example, you raise the candy above the truffle and towards the dog’s ears to encourage him to sit in a movement that is natural to him.
Clicker. After teaching the meaning of the click to the dog, you will guide it by clicking/rewarding each step towards the desired behavior. For example to teach the dog to go on his pillow, you will click/reward four times: when he looks at his bedding, goes towards the bedding, touches the bedding, and finally puts his 4 legs on the bedding.
Capture. You reward the dog when he spontaneously adopts the desired behavior. For example, when the dog goes to bed spontaneously, tell him to “lie down” and give him a treat. After a few exercises, he will have understood that lying by the order will be rewarded.
The impression. This method is based on social learning. A precise protocol allows the dog to learn to imitate the actions of the human. For example, pick up an object, carry a pouch…
During the learning (training), the word you choose to associate with the behavior should be spoken at the time the dog proposes this behavior and not before since the dog does not yet know it. Once the dog has understood the exercise, you will pronounce the chosen word (sitting, lying, in the basket)…) to give him the order.

Some training tips

Rewards must be dog-friendly and highly motivating. To teach the dog a new exercise, choose croquettes, sweets, fresh food, all low calorie or a toy that he loves, according to his preferences.
Whichever method of training is chosen, the dog should not be manipulated or physically restrained. Otherwise, the dog tries to escape a situation that is unpleasant to him and does not learn to propose the behavior spontaneously. Training must be motivating for the dog to increase its reliability.
Don’t say ” no ” to the dog when he’s wrong. This word is often used only when the dog does something stupid. Be forgiving and patient.
Do not use a straightening or painful accessories such as Strangler or electric collars.
Work in short (no more than 15 minutes) and regular (several times a week) learning sessions to see progress.
Do not ask your dog for things he is not yet able to do because you might discourage him. Be progressive and patient.

Environmental management during dog training

During your training exercises, you can change your environment so that your dog is less distracted or less likely to engage in prohibited behaviors. :
»  Put a barrier in front of the door of the room if you want it to be forbidden.
» Place boxes or chairs on your couch so the dog doesn’t get on.
»  Elevate the garbage can so that the dog does not access it.
These preventative measures will allow you to be completely focused on the exercises to be taught.

the key to good training 

In order to be fully receptive to training, your dog must be physically and mentally healthy. He must be properly fed according to his needs. He must drink enough.
You must also respect his essential rest periods adapted to his condition, his age… A puppy, for example, sleeps a lot, sometimes up to 90% of his time. He will learn quickly, but on the other hand, you have to prepare short training sessions!
Your dog needs to have fun, so spend time with him to play, to go out, to make him meet other dogs…
Let him play, he also needs to dissipate his energy!
In conclusion, ensure your dog’s complete development, his training will only be more effective.

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